Genocide Monument, Dzidzernagapert, was constructed in 1965 to
commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide. Twelve
imposing pylons representing the twelve provinces where Armenians
were massacred surround the eternal memorial flame inside the
fortress. The flame burns to represent the Armenian spirit, which
can never be extinguished. The monument, which means "Citadel of
Swallows", is named for a bird that always returns to its nest,
even if its home has been destroyed. A unique portion of the
monument is the tall, needle-shaped shaft beside it, which
represents the rebirth of the Armenian people.
massive outburst of Armenian emotion inspired the building of the
memorial. The location of the monument creates a powerful feeling
of sadness and solitude. People from all parts of the world visit
the monument to express their respect to all those who perished.